What is The Republican National Committee?

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The Republican National Committee (RNC) provides leadership for the Republican Party and it is responsible for developing the Republican political platform, coordinating election strategy, fundraising and promoting all activities. The committee also organizes and runs the Republican National Convention. Most U.S. states and counties have similar committees, although in some cases the party organization is structured by allied campaign organizations ran by a national committee.

  • Presidents

The current president of the Republican National Committee is Reince Priebus, elected for the second time on January 25, 2013 in Charlotte, North Carolina. The main counterpart of the RNC is the Democratic National Committee. The Republican Party along with the Democratic Party dominate the political scene in America. It was formed in 1854 by anti-slavery activists, and between 1860 and 1932 it was the most important party in the country, dominating politics nationally. George W. Bush was the 18th Republican president, serving from 2001 to 2009, the first being Abraham Lincoln, serving between 186 and 1865. George W. Bush is the only person to have chaired the RNC and later become U.S. president

  • The Republican National Convention

An official candidate in an upcoming presidential election is nominated during the Republican National Convention, convened by the Republican National Committee. The Convention must also decide on the rules and party platform for the election cycle. It signifies the end of a presidential primary season, and the beginning of the campaigning for the general election. Because in recent years the nominee has been known before the convention, many opposed the gathering as a simple public relations event.

  • The first Convention

The first RNC was appointed during the 1856 Republican National Convention. It consisted of one member from each territory and state, regardless of population, to serve for 4 years. The tradition of equal representation for each state or territory continued, and from 1924 to 1952 there was a national committeewoman and a a national committeeman from each state. The committee membership was expanded in 1952 to include the state party chairs of states that supported and voted the Republican Party in the preceding presidential election, have Republican governors or a Republican majority in their congressional delegation.

  • Responsibilities

The Republican National Committee is responsible for developing and promoting the Republican political platform, promoting Republican campaign activities, coordinating election strategy and fundraising under the direction of the party’s presidential candidate. The chairman of the RNC is chosen by the President if the Republicans have the White House. If not, the chairman is chosen by the Party’s state committees. The Republican House and Senate caucuses have different fundraising and strategy committees. They each raise over $100 million per election and have important roles in recruiting strong state candidates.