What Are the Main Democratic Beliefs?

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Democracy is a form of government characterized by economic, social and cultural conditions that enable the equal and free practice of political self-determination. All citizens participate equally, through elected representatives or directly, in the creation, development and proposal of laws. Democracy is different form of monarchy and oligarchy., where a small number of individuals hold the power. However, these forms of government are now ambiguous and share some of the democratic beliefs. Democracy can also be considered the opposite of tyranny or dictatorship, because the people can control their leaders without starting a revolution.

There are two basic forms of democracy that concerns how the citizens execute their will: direct democracy, in which all eligible citizens can participate in the decision making in a direct manner, and representative democracy in which the citizens exercise their power indirectly through elected representatives. The idea of a representative democracy comes from the European Middle Ages, the Age of Enlightenment, the Reformation and the French and American Revolutions. These are the main democratic beliefs:

  • Human Capacity

The organizing framework is based on the democratic beliefs that people have the capacity to know what is right and what is wrong, to govern for the common good and to grow in that knowledge. Leaders operationalize these beliefs withing their institutional goals as a governing principle.

  • Equality

Democrats believe in equality and that all people should be able to live and pursue their objectives regardless of their race, sexual orientation, religion or ethnic background. However, the battle for equality is not yet over and the Democratic Party continues to promote the Equal Rights Amendment.

  • Education

Education is one of the main democratic beliefs. Making sure that all children have the opportunity to follow an educational program and that they have the opportunity to go to college is one of the main goals of modern democratic governments.

  • Freedom of speech

The right for each person to a freedom of speech is one of the cornerstones of democracy. Although we are unique and some beliefs are found repugnant by others, the free exchange of ideas should never be breached.

  • Use fair taxes

In a democratic country, taxes should not be used to increase the gap between the wealthy and the very poor. Working people should not be taxed into poverty and a targeted tax must be used to help people invest in their future.

  • Institutional Efficacy

In a democracy, institutions form the infrastructure needed to produce practices and resources that sustain the cultural identity passed from generation to generation. All institutions should meet a need for faith, community, learning, family and governance.

  • Separation of State and Church

According to the democratic beliefs, the government should not favor or endorse any religion above another, intimidate or isolate those who follow other faith than the majority of people. As a result, the public funds will not be used to display or advocate religious beliefs or a particular faith.